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Levice
 
 

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History

ObrázokThe first written record of Levice is from 1156 and mentions Martirius, the archbishop of Esztergom (Hungary), who consecrated the church in Bratka village dedicated to St.Martin. A parish was established where the villages "villa Leua" and Vitk were annexed . At that time the village of Leua (Levice) was a subject of  the Tekov castle, and was situated on the eastern part of today’s town of Levice, somewhere on the slopes of the vineyard, which is still called Old Levice. The castle in Levice was built in the 13th century, when the Tartar-looted Tekovsky castle’s importance had declined. It was built on andesite rock, the remnants of Neogenic volcanic activity, which extended to the Štiavnica hills. The west side of the castle was bounded by  the marshy meadow of the river Hron, with its several river branches. The castle itself had been a fortress for protection of the mining towns. Under the protection of the castle in the 14th century a settlement known as "Big" or "Old Levice"  had been established, which is  the real predecessor of today’s Levice town.


 

ObrázokThe 150 year long Turkish occupation, which started in the 16th century, weakened the town economically  and made it more dependent on the castle’s estate.  At this time the Levice castle, then already a royal castle, was listed among the 15 most important defence forts. In the middle of the  17th century the Turkish incursions grew stronger. Seeing the enemy’s huge numerical advantage, the captain gave up Levice without resistance. The Turks' rule in Levice lasted for only 224 days, when in 1664 by an unexpected action they were expelled out of the town. After the end of the Turkish wars Levice lost its important role as a frontier-castle and in 1699 in accordance with official orders it was abolished as a fort.
Frequent fires meant  great disasters  for Levice. In 1696 fire destroyed almost the whole town. In 1715 there were 195 taxpayers and 43 craftsmen in the town.
In the time of Rákoczy’s Revolt in the 18th century the castle was in a very bad condition. In order to prevent  from being used  for military purposes the rebels  decided to destroy it before leaving. The castle was never  re-established and thus it lost its military importance.


 

ObrázokIn the second half of 18th century Levice  grew significantly and became an agricultural centre of the southern riverside of the  Hron, and  lively  trade and artisanship  in organised trades  were taking place  in the town. The best known and  most famous guilds were those of boot-makers, cobblers and button-makers. In the 19th century the number of small enterprises gradually grew;  trade, which was mostly concentrated in the hands of Jewish entrepreneurs, developed as well. The investments of the richest families Leidenfrost and Schoeller mostly concerned  agriculture and other industries: they built a liqueur factory with a distillery, a steam flourmill, and a brickworks. They also planted new vineyards and  developed selective cattle breeding. In 1873 there were 6000 inhabitants in Levice.


 

ObrázokIn the first half of  the 20th century during the first Czechoslovak Republic  Levice’s architectural, town-planning development  began. In 1933 the tobacco-factory was built. In the fifties there was a big housing shortage in Levice, because country people moved to the town in large numbers. In 1961 there were 13744 inhabitants in the town and Levice became an enlarged  district centre. By the end of the  eighties the number of inhabitants had increased to 37500. The originally separate communities of Kalinčiakovo and Malý Kiar were administratively incorporated into Levice in 1976, and the settlements of Čankov and Horša joined the town in 1986.

 


 

date: 2017-08-23

Name day of: Filip

In case of any questions, you can contact...
e-mail: pr@levice.sk

Fax: +42136/6306901

Municipality Office
Mestsky urad
Nam. hrdinov 1
934 01 Levice
Slovakia/ Europe

contacts

adults and children:
Mo-Fri 15,30 p.m. - 7,00 a.m.
weekends and holidays - nonstop

dental:
Mo-Fri 16,00 - 19,00
weekends 8,00 - 13,00

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2017-08-23
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